The Washingtoniana Collection
The Washingtoniana Collection was established in 1905 when Library Director, Dr. George F. Bowerman, had the foresight to start collecting books and articles about the local community. Washingtoniana houses an array of resources and materials from the late 18th century to the present, with a primary focus on the local city. In addition to the resources listed below, Washingtoniana also includes Prints & Photographs, the DC Community Archives and the Peabody Room for Georgetown neighborhood history.
Resources in Washingtoniana
Books | Census | Directories | Genealogy and Family History | DC Government Documents and Legal Materials | Maps | Newspapers and Periodicals | Postcards | Real Estate | Vertical Files | Yearbooks | Finding Aids and Bibliographies | Other Resources | Note on 19th Century Jurisdictions | Back to Special Collections Homepage
Washingtoniana holds more than 25,000 books and other printed materials, covering all subjects related to the District of Columbia -- social, legal, political and historical. Collection strengths include city planning, politics, architecture, history and biography. These titles can be accessed through the online catalog. Access to the separate Cutter Collection, consisting of rare and unique late 18th to mid-20th century materials, is available through an on-site card catalog only.
Statistics from the federal decennial census, 1800 to 1880 (partial 1790 census; 1890 census burned) and from 1900-2000 are available. Some materials are in the form of microfilm and some are printed materials. Also available are census documents from the D.C. Office of Planning. The US Census is searchable through the DC Public Library website with a library card through the Heritage Quest database.
Various directories are housed in the division, including city directories from 1822 to 1973, telephone directories from 1907 to present, and cross reference directories from 1975 to the present. The majority of directories are on microfilm and microfiche.
Genealogy and Family History
Visit our Genealogy Resources page for a comprehensive list of resources including census data, city directories, published cemetery records, and more.
DC Government Documents and Legal Materials
DC Government documents include the latest as well as historical editions of the D.C. Code, D.C. Municipal Regulations, the D.C. Register and the budget of the District of Columbia. Please note: The latest updated D.C. Code and the latest D.C. Municipal Regulations and D.C. Register can be found online. Also included are federal government documents relating to the District, from 1790 to the present. The Washingtoniana collection does not support extensive case law research.
There are more than 8,000 maps (print and microfiche) from 1612 to the present. These include a set of D.C. real estate atlases (print and microfilm) from 1877 to 1965 and Sanborn Fire Insurance maps up through 1999.
Newspapers and Periodicals
Microfilm of all the major DC daily newspapers from 1800 through the end of 2011 are held in Washingtoniana. Print editions of The Washington Post and The Washington Times from January 2012 to the present are also available. Please note that several papers may be accessed electronically through the library website with your library card. They include The Washington Post (1877-present), The Washington Times (1990-present) and The Washington Afro–American (1989-present; found in the Ethnic NewsWatch database as the Afro-American Red Star).
Consisting of 2,000 postcards, this collection documents both federal and hometown Washington. Arranged by topic, the collection’s value lies in documenting images found perhaps nowhere else.
Washingtoniana holds a complete run of real estate assessments from 1886 to 2011. We also have building permits on microfilm from 1877 to 1949 (and a microfilm building permit index for 1950 through 1958). We have a building permits database, only available on-site, that summarizes information from the “Permit to Build," including the date of construction, architect, builder, owner and dimensions.
Vertical files are news clippings, brochures, pamphlets and other documents placed in folders based on subject headings. Examples of the headings include Residential Sections, Politics and Government, Colleges and Universities and Biographies, to name a few. As with the book collection, the files cover all subjects related to the District of Columbia: social, economic, cultural, recreational, political and historical. A vertical file subject index is held at the desk to assist customers with their search.
A small collection of District of Columbia high school and college yearbooks are housed in the Reading Room. We do not have every high school nor do we have every year of the schools within our collection. If you have and wish to donate yearbooks, or know of others who may, please contact us at email@example.com.
Finding Aids and Bibliographies
Several finding aids and bibliographies are housed in Washingtoniana. They include:
- Getting Started with Washington, DC History Online Resource Guide - Online and in-library resources to jump-start your Washington, D.C. history research.
- Neighborhood Bibliography - Provides a listing of books and archival collections found in Washingtoniana for various neighborhoods in D.C.
- Southeast D.C. Neighborhood History Online Research Guide - Online and in-library resources for researching Southeast D.C. neighborhood history.
- District of Columbia Home Rule, Statehood and Voting Rights Bibliography - Provides a selected bibliography of books, theses, dissertations, journal and magazine articles, legislation and other resources. Some of these resources may not be housed in Washingtoniana.
- Black Washingtoniana - Selected bibliography of books and journal articles pertaining to Black Washington.
- D.C. Newspapers on Microfilm - Provides an index, by title and by decade, of D.C. newspapers on microfilm housed in Washingtoniana.
- Scrap Book Index - Guide to various historic scrap books, by subject.
- Records of the Columbia Historical Society Index - Volumes 1-59. In addition to the index, we have all volumes through 73-74.
- Washington History Journal Index - Volumes 1-10. Published by the Historical Society of Washington, D.C. In addition to the index, we have volumes 1-24.
- Index to “The Rambler” - A series of articles by J. Harry Shannon on Washington and vicinity, published in the The Sunday Star, Washington, D.C. from 1912 to 1927.
Note on 19th Century Jurisdictions
In the 19th century, D.C. was divided into three jurisdictions, Washington city, Washington county and Georgetown. Washington county included everything above Boundary Street (now Florida Avenue) and across the Anacostia River. Until 1908, property in the county was identified by subdivision (similar to a neighborhood name) and lot number rather than square and lot number.
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