In the summer of 1945, President Truman was tired of war. The European war had ended in May, but the Japanese were still holding on in the Pacific. The Japanese had been losing the war, but did not want to accept the American conditions for surrender. The result was that Japan was starving, but still fighting. The decision to use the atomic bomb on Aug. 6 and Aug. 9 was one filled with contention, and left the world irrevocably changed.