PHONOLOGICAL AWARENESS: Includes hearing and playing with the smaller sounds of words and recognizing that words are made up of a number of different sounds.Why Is It Important?Children who can hear how words "come apart" into separate sounds will be more successful at "sounding out" words when they start to read.What Can You Do to Help Build This Skill?Sing songs. Most break words up into one syllable per note. Reading works with syllables also.Recite rhymes. Rhymes depend upon ending sounds.Play with tongue twisters.Pick a sound for the day. Notice it at the beginning of words and at the end of words. A song game I found online is to the tune of "Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star." (Catchy, huh?)Twinkle, Twinkle Little WordTwinkle, twinkle little wordWhat's the new word to be heard?If I take off the first soundWhat new word will now be found?Take the /sh/ off shoutNow the new word sounds like_________(out). Twinkle, twinkle little wordWhat's the new word to be heard?If I take off the last soundWhat new word will now be found?Take the /er/ off hammerNow the new word sounds like______(ham).What other words can you use? Chair ... phone ... trash ... The possibilities are endless. Reading Resource is a really great website with lots of reading activities. The "Twinkle, Twinkle Little Word" song came from there.Books We Read
LETTER KNOWLEDGE: includes knowing that letters are different from each other, knowing letter names and sounds, and recognizing letters everywhere.Why Is It Important?To read words, children need to understand that a word is made of individual letters in other words a word is the "sum of its parts."
Print Awareness: Includes noticing print everywhere, knowing how to handle a book and knowing how to follow the written word on the page.Why Is It Important?Children have to be aware of words before they can read them. Children need to know how a book works, which page is the beginning and end, what is right-side up and how the English language is read, left to right. When kids are comfortable with the mechanics of the physical package of a book, they can focus on the decoding process of reading. What Can You Do to Help Build This Skill?• Read board books that your child can handle on their own; let them turn the pages as you read together.• Sometimes point to the words as you read.• Talk about print, even when you are not reading together. Look for letters and words on signs and labels and lists.• Point to the words in a book as you read. The child needs to understand that you are reading the words and not the pictures. • Use rebus books, which use a picture in place of a word, so the kids can follow along while you read the words. This reinforces the direction text is read, demonstrates how text represents an object and engages them in the reading process. Books We Read: